Category Archives: Conditions

Anatomy of the Spine

Anatomy of the Spine Overview The spinal column is the body’s main support structure. Its thirty-three bones, called vertebrae, are divided into five regions: cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral and coccygeal. Cervical Region The cervical region consists of seven vertebrae labeled C1 to C7. The first cervical vertebra is called the atlas. The second is called […]

Cervical Radiculopathy

Cervical Radiculopathy Overview This condition is an irritation or compression of one or more nerve roots in the cervical spine. Because these nerves travel to the shoulders, arms and hands, an injury in the cervical spine can cause symptoms in these areas. Cervical radiculopathy may result from a variety of problems with the bones and […]

Compression Fractures of the Spine

Compression Fractures of the Spine Overview This is a collapse of vertebral bone. It can affect one or more vertebrae. Compression fractures typically develop in your mid or lower back. This can change the shape of your spine. Causes Most compression fractures develop because of osteoporosis. This is a loss of bone density. It causes […]

Degenerative Disc Disease

Degenerative Disc Disease Overview This condition is a weakening of one or more vertebral discs, which normally act as a cushion between the vertebrae. This condition can develop as a natural part of the aging process, but it may also result from injury to the back. Disc Wall Tears Degenerative disc disease typically begins when […]

Facet Joint Syndrome

Facet Joint Syndrome Overview This condition is a deterioration of the facet joints, which help stabilize the spine and limit excessive motion. The facet joints are lined with cartilage and are surrounded by a lubricating capsule that enables the vertebrae to bend and twist. Joint Damage Facet joint syndrome occurs when the facet joints become […]

Herniated Discs

Herniated Discs Overview A herniated disc is a common injury that can affect any part of the spine. A herniated disc can cause severe pain and other problems in the arms or legs. Disc Anatomy Vertebral discs are flexible, rubbery cushions that support the vertebral bones. They allow the spine to twist and bend. Each […]

Lumbar Radiculopathy (Sciatica)

Lumbar Radiculopathy (Sciatica) Overview This condition is an irritation or compression of one or more nerve roots in the lumbar spine. Because these nerves travel to the hips, buttocks, legs and feet, an injury in the lumbar spine can cause symptoms in these areas. Sciatica may result from a variety of problems with the bones […]

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis Overview As you get older, your bones may get weaker. This is called “osteoporosis.” Weak bones are more likely to break. Osteoporosis can be a problem for anyone, but it is more common in women. Causes Your body is always rebuilding your bones. When bone cells get old, they break down and get replaced. […]

Sciatica (Stryker)

Sciatica Description Sciatica is the irritation of the largest nerve in the body, the sciatic nerve. The sciatic nerve begins with several nerves in the lower back and travels down the legs. This irritation can stem from a disc herniation, inflammation, bone spurs or foraminal stenosis. Pain occurs when any or all of these conditions […]

Scoliosis

Scoliosis Overview This condition is an abnormal curvature of the spine. It most often develops in early childhood, just before a child reaches puberty. Causes In most cases, the direct cause of scoliosis is not understood. Genetics may play a role. It can run in families. It can also result from neuromuscular conditions, birth defects […]