Category Archives: Conditions

Prepatellar Bursitis (Kneecap Bursitis)

Prepatellar Bursitis (Kneecap Bursitis) Overview This condition is an inflammation of the prepatellar bursa, a fluid-filled sac that covers the front of the kneecap. Prepatellar bursitis results in pain and swelling at the front of the knee. Causes This condition is commonly caused by repetitive or prolonged strain on the prepatellar bursa. Roofers, plumbers, carpet […]

Quadriceps Tendon Tear

Quadriceps Tendon Tear Overview This condition is a tear of the tendon that connects the patella to the quadriceps muscles of the thigh. The quadriceps muscle is used to straighten the leg from the bent position. A complete rupture of the quadriceps tendon is a disabling injury. Causes This type of injury is often caused […]

Septic Arthritis of the Knee

Septic Arthritis of the Knee Overview This condition occurs when harmful bacteria infect the knee joint, causing pain and swelling, and damaging the healthy tissues in the joint. Any joint in the body can become infected, but the knee is the most common. Causes Septic arthritis can be caused by an infection anywhere in the […]

Supracondylar Femoral Fracture

Supracondylar Femoral Fracture Overview This condition is a break in the femur at the knee joint. The fracture can range from a small crack to a full break that allows part of the bone to separate. This injury can involve the cartilage on the base of the femur in the knee joint, and may increase […]

Tibial Fractures

Tibial Fractures Overview This condition is a break in the shin bone, called the tibia. A tibial fracture can occur anywhere along the bone, and can range from small cracks to a full break that allows the bone to separate. Causes The most common cause of a fracture is direct trauma to the leg from […]

Tibial Plateau Fracture

Tibial Plateau Fracture Overview This condition is a fracture at the top of the tibia, also called the shin bone. This fracture usually involves both bone and cartilage, so there is a high risk of developing arthritis from injury to the cartilage cells. Causes A tibial plateau fracture is usually caused by sudden, direct trauma […]

Torn Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL)

Torn Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) Overview This condition occurs when the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), a band of tissue that connects the femur to the tibia inside the knee joint, becomes torn or worn away. A torn PCL causes pain and instability of the knee. Causes PCL tears most commonly result from severe injury or […]

Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Knee

Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Knee Overview This condition is characterized by the death of an area of cartilage and bone in the knee joint. The dead section may remain in place, forming a lesion, or it may loosen and partially detach from the surrounding bone. It may break away completely and float around inside the […]