Category Archives: Knee

Total Knee Replacement

Total Knee Replacement Overview This procedure restores function to a severely damaged knee. Most commonly, it is used to repair a knee that has been damaged by arthritis. During the procedure, the surgeon replaces the damaged portions of the knee with artificial parts. These parts consist of a metal femoral component, a metal tibial component […]

Visco-supplementation for Arthritis of the Knee

Visco-supplementation for Arthritis of the Knee Overview This nonsurgical procedure is an injection of a gel-like medication into the knee joint to supplement or replace the thick synovial fluid that cushions the joint. This treatment can help reduce the pain of arthritis. Preparation In preparation for the procedure, the physician numbs the knee with an […]

Septic Arthritis of the Knee

Septic Arthritis of the Knee Overview This condition occurs when harmful bacteria infect the knee joint, causing pain and swelling, and damaging the healthy tissues in the joint. Any joint in the body can become infected, but the knee is the most common. Causes Septic arthritis can be caused by an infection anywhere in the […]

Revision Knee Surgery

Revision Knee Surgery Overview This procedure replaces worn artificial knee parts and damaged bone with new metal and plastic components. Knee Accessed A vertical incision is made in the knee to expose the patella (kneecap) and the ligaments that connect it to the tibia and fibula. The patella is pushed aside to allow the surgeon […]

Supracondylar Femoral Fracture

Supracondylar Femoral Fracture Overview This condition is a break in the femur at the knee joint. The fracture can range from a small crack to a full break that allows part of the bone to separate. This injury can involve the cartilage on the base of the femur in the knee joint, and may increase […]

Tibial Fractures

Tibial Fractures Overview This condition is a break in the shin bone, called the tibia. A tibial fracture can occur anywhere along the bone, and can range from small cracks to a full break that allows the bone to separate. Causes The most common cause of a fracture is direct trauma to the leg from […]

Tibial Plateau Fracture

Tibial Plateau Fracture Overview This condition is a fracture at the top of the tibia, also called the shin bone. This fracture usually involves both bone and cartilage, so there is a high risk of developing arthritis from injury to the cartilage cells. Causes A tibial plateau fracture is usually caused by sudden, direct trauma […]

Torn Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL)

Torn Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) Overview This condition occurs when the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), a band of tissue that connects the femur to the tibia inside the knee joint, becomes torn or worn away. A torn PCL causes pain and instability of the knee. Causes PCL tears most commonly result from severe injury or […]