Category Archives: Conditions

Achilles Tendon Injuries

Achilles Tendon Injuries Overview The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the body. It connects the two main calf muscles – the gastrocnemius and soleus – to the heel bone (the calcaneus). Common injuries of the Achilles tendon include tendonitis (inflammation), tendinosis (degeneration), and rupture. Tendinitis Achilles tendinitis most often results from overuse during […]

Ankle Sprains

Ankle Sprains Overview Ligaments are fibrous, elastic bands of tissue that connect and stabilize the bones. An ankle sprain is a common, painful injury that occurs when one or more of the ankle ligaments is stretched beyond the normal range of motion. Sprains can occur as a result of sudden twisting, turning or rolling movements. […]

Chronic Lateral Ankle Pain

Chronic Lateral Ankle Pain Overview This condition is a lasting pain on the outer side of the ankle that often develops after an injury such as a sprain or fracture of the ankle. Causes The most common cause for chronic ankle pain is a failure of the ankle to heal properly after an injury. If […]

Fracture of the Talus

Fracture of the Talus Overview This condition occurs when the talus, a bone that connects the foot and ankle, develops a fracture from a severe impact or fall. The talus is an important bone of the foot, as it aids in walking on uneven ground and in weight transfer across the ankle joint. Causes The […]

Osteochondral Injuries of the Talus

Osteochondral Injuries of the Talus Overview The talus, lined with articular cartilage, connects to the tibia and fibula to make up the ankle joint. An osteochondral injury occurs when the talus and/or surrounding cartilage is bruised, fractured, or chipped from an injury. Causes If the talus strikes the tibia or fibula during the twisting motion […]

Peroneal Tendon Tears

Peroneal Tendon Tears Overview This condition is a tearing of one or both peroneal tendons, which travel down the lower leg, behind the lateral malleolus and along the outer side of the ankle. Causes Peroneal tendon tears can occur during athletic activities such as running or jumping that place stress on the ankle. They can […]

Peroneal Tendonitis

Peroneal Tendonitis Overview This condition is an inflammation of one or both peroneal tendons, which travel down the lower leg, behind the lateral malleolus and along the outer side of the ankle. Causes Peroneal tendonitis results from overuse, and often affects athletes who run and jump. It can also be caused by a sprain or […]

Pilon Fractures

Pilon Fractures Overview This injury is a fracture at the base of the tibia (the largest of the two bones in the lower leg). Pilon fractures involve the weight-bearing surface of the tibia, and typically occur just above the ankle. In many cases, when the tibia is fractured, the thinner bone in the lower leg […]


What is Gout and how is it treated? Gout is a form of arthritis that triggers sudden and extremely painful outbreaks. Although this condition can affect just about anyone, men are more likely to develop gout. When a gout flare-up occurs, it generally produces inflammation, swelling, and searing pain — often in the big toe. […]