Category Archives: Conditions

Volar Plate Injuries

Volar Plate Injuries Overview This condition is a stretching or tearing of the volar plate, which can allow the finger to hyperextend and can interfere with normal hand function. The volar plate is a strong ligamentous structure on the underside of the finger at the point where the proximal and middle phalanx bones meet, called […]

Wrist Sprain

Wrist Sprain Overview When your wrist is bent too far, this can injure bands of tissue called “ligaments.” Ligaments connect the bones of your hand to each other. They also connect the bones of your hand to the bones of your forearm. Causes You can sprain a wrist by trying to catch yourself when you […]

Polydactyly of the Hand

Polydactyly of the Hand Overview This condition is a common congenital anomaly that results in extra fingers or thumbs. Polydactyly can affect one or both hands, and can result in one or more extra digits. Polydactyly can also affect the feet, resulting in extra toes. Causes This condition is caused by a genetic mutation that […]

Raynaud’s Phenomenon and Disease

Raynaud’s Phenomenon and Disease Overview Raynaud’s phenomenon is an exaggerated form of vasoconstriction – the body’s natural response to cold and stress. It results from a spasm of the small arteries that supply blood to the fingers. This spasm temporarily decreases blood flow, resulting in cold, painful, and discolored fingers. How It Occurs Vasoconstriction is […]

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) of the Hand (Arthritis Foundation Approved)

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) of the Hand (Arthritis Foundation Approved) Overview Rheumatoid arthritis, a condition that can attack joints throughout the body, commonly affects the joints and surrounding tendons of the wrist and fingers. It can cause the joints to become swollen, painful and possibly deformed, interfering with normal hand function and significantly impacting a persons […]

Scaphoid Fractures

Scaphoid Fractures Overview A scaphoid fracture, one of the most common types of wrist fractures, is a break in the scaphoid bone. The scaphoid, one of the most important bones in the wrist, has a limited blood supply. An improperly treated scaphoid fracture can result in significant wrist pain, arthritis, and loss of motion. Anatomy […]

Swan Neck Deformity

Swan Neck Deformity Overview This condition is a result of tendon imbalance in the finger or thumb. In the finger, it causes a characteristic deformity in which the middle finger joint (called the PIP joint) hyperextends, and the fingertip joint (called the DIP joint) bends downward. When viewed from the side, the finger looks like […]

Syndactyly of the Hand

Syndactyly of the Hand Overview This condition is a common congenital anomaly of the hand. It occurs when two or more fingers are connected together by skin or tissue. The bones of the fingers may also be fused. Causes Syndactyly occurs during the development of the fetus. In most cases, the fingers fail to separate […]

Thumb Ulnar Collateral Ligament (UCL) Injury

Thumb Ulnar Collateral Ligament (UCL) Injury Overview This condition, also called skier’s thumb, is an acute sprain or tear of the ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) on the ulnar side of the metacarpal-phalangeal (MCP) joint of the thumb. A related condition, called gamekeeper’s thumb, is a chronic injury that develops over time from repeated stretching of […]

Triangular Fibrocartilage Complex (TFCC) Tears

Triangular Fibrocartilage Complex (TFCC) Tears Overview This condition is a degenerative or traumatic tear of one or more parts of the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC), which stabilizes the ulna. The TFCC is composed of a group of ligaments that form connections between the radius, ulna and the carpal bones of the hand. At the center […]